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Why hair falls out and how to stop it: doctor's advice
Why hair falls out and how to stop it: doctor's advice
Anonim

Anabelle Kingsley, Lead Trichologist at the Philip Kingsley Clinic in London, spoke about why we start to lose hair and how to prevent unpleasant consequences.

Why hair falls out and how to stop it: doctor's advice

“Every third woman sooner or later faces the problem of hair loss. For each of them, I have good news: situations in which nothing can be done are vanishingly rare, and in the vast majority of cases there is an available solution.

When there's nothing you can do

There is a microscopic chance that you are genetically predisposed to thinning hair, which means that hair volume will decrease with age. It all depends on the level of testosterone: the more it is, the higher the likelihood of weakening hair follicles, which with each new cycle of activity give rise to thinner and thinner hair. Here trichology is powerless.

But hair loss usually has a fixable cause. I'll list the 7 most common ones, and then I'll tell you what to do.

1. Hormonal imbalance

Hormonal imbalances can lead to a variety of problems, from acne to being overweight. Hormones play a huge role in regulating the hair growth cycle. Estrogen helps prolong the hair growth phase, while male hormones do the opposite. Excess male hormones can be caused by endocrine disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome and others.

2. Stress

This is not a myth. Serious nervous breakdowns do lead to hair loss. The reason is the same: under the influence of stress, the production of male hormones is activated, and the hair reacts to this in a predictable way.

3. Anemia

Iron deficiency in the body is almost guaranteed to lead to hair loss. Iron is essential for the formation of the keratin proteins that make up the hair. Accordingly, if there is not enough iron, the hair simply has nothing to form from.

4. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland helps regulate the body's metabolism by controlling protein production and oxygenation of tissues. Therefore, any imbalance in the thyroid gland can affect the hair follicles. In addition, hypothyroidism is often accompanied by anemia.

5. Deficiency of vitamin B12

A lack of vitamin B12 can make you feel tired, but if only that … A deficiency in vitamin B12 often leads to hair loss, as a lack of it negatively affects the state of red blood cells that carry oxygen to tissues. This is most common among vegans, as vitamin B12 can only be obtained from animal proteins.

6. Sharp weight loss

If you are on a diet that allows you to lose more than 5 kg per month, you risk losing not only kilograms, but also curls. Any deficiency in the diet invariably affects the condition of the hair.

7. Age

At the threshold of menopause, hair begins to thin and fall out more intensively, this is due to a decrease in estrogen production.

What to do?

First of all, stop panicking and tune in for a long recovery: hair grows and forms slowly, so it will take you at least three months for their condition and growth rate to return to normal. And you need to start with nutrition.

The first and most important thing is to provide the body with enough protein. Each meal should contain protein - and at least 120 grams. Both animals and plants are good, the main thing is to provide the body with a sufficient amount of "building material".

The second point: it is necessary to make up for the lack of complex carbohydrates. Fruits, whole grain breads, cereals, herbs, dairy products - all this must be in the daily diet.

It is imperative to take vitamins and supplements containing such substances as iron, vitamin C, vitamin B12, vitamin D3, copper, zinc, selenium, essential amino acids L-lysine and L-methionine.They are well absorbed and quickly help promote healthy hair growth.

Fourth: give up styling and styling. Even the highest quality products are now to the detriment: the hair becomes heavier, sticks together, when brushing - it becomes thinner, pulled out and breaks. It is not even worth talking about heat-laying. Ideally, you should even give up a hair dryer and be sure to use indelible conditioners, regularly make masks and apply special oils.

Fifth: wash your head with cool water and do not turn your hair into a loofah during washing, randomly fluffing it with your hands. Lather the shampoo in your palms, apply to the crown of the head and distribute with gentle stroking movements from roots to ends, as if combing your hair with your fingers. Rinse off and apply conditioner in the same way.

Sixth: do not dry your hair or curl it into a turban. Blot with a towel with the same stroking movements from roots to ends and let dry on your own. If you need to brush your hair, use the Tangle Teezer brush or equivalent.

Finally, if all of the above does not work, it is worth contacting an endocrinologist and in parallel with a trichologist in order to jointly determine a list of drugs that will help correct the hormonal balance and put hair in order. In the case of menopause, do not despair either, in the modern world there are medicines that allow you to go through this period without loss.

And finally, an important advice: do not rush to feverishly change the "therapy", do not rush to folk recipes and do not try a hundred remedies at the same time. The process of restoring normal hair growth is long, but only with strict adherence to the scheme can its effectiveness be assessed."

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