Table of contents:
- Sights of the capital of Khakassia Abakan
- Natural attractions of Khakassia
- Museum "Ancient burial mounds of the Salbyk steppe"
- Borodino cave
The closed borders have given a strong impetus to the development of domestic tourism. We are now more likely to discover new places within the country that we may not have even heard of before. One of these places is the picturesque Republic of Khakassia, which, as a tourist destination, is still little known to the residents of the western part of the country.
The land of the five elements - this is what local residents call Khakassia. Endless steppes, the majestic Yenisei, ridges of mountain ranges, intoxicating air with its freshness, fire that erases the boundaries of worlds, and history - the fifth element that unites all the cultural and historical heritage of the republic. Contents of the article 1. Sights of the capital of Khakassia, Abakan 2. Natural attractions of Khakassia 2.1 Chests 2.2 "Kazanovka" 2.3 "Khurtuyakh-Tas" 2.4 Site "Oglakhty" 3. Museum "Ancient burial mounds of the Salbyk steppe" 4. Borodino cave 5. Sayanogorsk Hide
Cosmo, together with the project "Media Exploration", the travel service "Tutu.ru" and the Tourist Information Center of Khakassia, tells how the republic is able to surprise tourists.
It is worth going to Khakassia for the mesmerizing views of the steppes and mountains, which can compete with the landscapes of Iceland, for the search for inner harmony and freedom, unusual cuisine and warm hospitality. Someone here will find rest for the soul, others will be able to arrange a physical endurance test for themselves, and others will replenish their knowledge base with mysterious legends and historical facts. And if nothing magical is alien to you, then think about your innermost desire - there are many places of power in Khakassia where you can ask for its fulfillment (but you need to do it right).
Sights of the capital of Khakassia Abakan
Acquaintance with Khakassia begins with its administrative and cultural center - the city of Abakan, which celebrated its 90th anniversary this year. It is a small city with a population of 186 thousand people, where you can stay in 3-4 star hotels, dine in good restaurants and just have a good time in city parks.
To immediately plunge into history and learn more about national traditions, go to the Khakass National Museum of Local Lore. It contains a unique collection of stone steles with cave paintings that belonged to the Okunevites (late III - early II millennium BC) and Tagarians (VIII – III centuries BC) - the ancient peoples of Khakassia.
Museum of local lore
Also, the museum presents a reconstruction of a traditional dwelling - a yurt, which will allow you to get better acquainted with the traditional way of life of the Khakass people. Here you can see authentic household items, national clothes and jewelry and learn from the guide many interesting facts about traditions (for example, that previously unmarried girls wore many small braids, and after the wedding - only two).
Reconstruction of the yurt
We move on towards the memorial complex on Mount Samokhval, dedicated to the memory of those killed in the Great Patriotic War. The memorial was opened in 2015 and has already become one of the favorite places of citizens and tourists. The complex offers stunning views of the city and its surroundings.
Memorial complex on Mount Samokhval
If you want to escape from the city and relax a little before the busy days of travel, go to the city park of landscape art "Gardens of Dreams". This is a private park created by the Abakan designer Denis Safronov. There are many gazebos and simply secluded places in the park, there is a pond with real carps, an open-air cage with rabbits (which will not leave anyone indifferent), interesting plants and sculptures.
Park "Gardens of Dreams"
Park "Gardens of Dreams"
Natural attractions of Khakassia
The sights on the map of Khakassia are scattered rather unevenly, so it is worth planning the route in advance and thinking about the most convenient means of transportation. There are several open-air museums in the republic, each of which is worth the attention of tourists. It is better to visit these sights of Khakassia by car. Let's talk about the most popular ones.
In 220 km from Abakan, in the Shirinsky region, there is the village of Shira and the main attraction of the region - the Sunduki mountain range, which consists of five detached mountains up to 200 meters high. In ancient times, the Chests were not just a place of power and rituals, but also an observatory. Stones and holes in the rocks, oriented to the main points of the rising and setting of celestial bodies, were used as instruments for observation. With their help, the ancient people kept a calendar, marking the days of the equinox and solstice.
First Chest is the most beautiful and popular in the mountain range. On the way to the top, there are ancient rock paintings, which are more than 5000 years old, places for making wishes and performing rituals, incredible views of the steppes and mountains open up.
Tourists are offered several excursion routes, which can be signed up for by calling the number indicated on the museum's website. We advise you to take water and a light lunch on your trip, since there are no cafes and shops on the territory of the reserve.
The Kazanovka Museum-Reserve is located 140 km from Abakan and is a must-see for those who want to learn more about the life of the Khakass peoples. On the territory of the museum, tourists will find ancient burial mounds (tombs of powerful rulers of the past), menhirs, petroglyphs, reconstruction of a yurt.
Here you can taste dishes of national cuisine: blood sausage, potkhi (porridge made from sour cream), talgan, teas from Siberian herbs, mune (lamb soup).
One of the main attractions of Kazanovka is the menhir Akh-Tas. This is a lonely granite stone no more than two meters high, located in the valley of the Kyug stream. The statue is more than 4500 years old and is still considered sacred. People come to him for healing and ask for the most intimate. Before you “ask” for a stone, you need to perform a ceremony: go around the menhir three times clockwise, put the gift brought (it can be, for example, a coin) at the foot, and only after that briefly lean against the stone, hugging it with your hands, and ask for healing.
Another revered stone statue - Ulug-Khurtuyakh-Tas (a large stone old woman) - is located in the museum of the Khurtuyakh-Tas reserve (150 km from Abakan). Menhir resembles a pregnant woman and is a sacred object that protects women and children.
Ulug Khurtuyakh Tas
There are about twenty legends about the stone, but the most common one is about Khurtuy and her husband Sartakpay. Sartakpai built a bridge across the Yenisei, along which the enemies crossed to the Khakass land. Seeing this, the man seated Hurtuy and his two sons on horses and ordered his wife not to turn around. He himself got in the way of the enemies and tried to delay them. During the battle, Sartakpay died, and Khurtuyakh and his sons reached the banks of the Abakan River. The Khurtuyi managed to jump to the other side, but their sons died in the river. Khurtuyakh could not resist and turned around to see what happened to the children, and in an instant she turned into a stone, which the gods gave the power to heal women from infertility.
On the territory of the museum there is also an authentic Khakass yurt of a shaman of the late XlX century. It presents household items, a real shaman tambourine, items of men's and women's clothing and tesi - personal amulets. By tradition, the yurt was divided into male and female parts. In the women's room there were utensils and food for cooking, in the men's room - ammunition for hunting and trophies. The more corners a yurt has, the richer the family living in it was.
In an authentic shaman's yurt
The Oglakhty site (65 km from Abakan) is part of the large Khakassky nature reserve, where you can see the intact petroglyphs of the Tagar and Tashtyk eras. To do this, you need to overcome 965 steps up the mountain, but already at the foot of the mountain, a sacred Shaman-stone with ancient petroglyphs awaits the tourist. It is believed that magic rituals have been performed on it for centuries, so the stone has a special energy.
Descending from the mountain, go to the “Village of Ancestors” - a complex of historical reconstructions of the dwellings of ancient peoples, dedicated to individual eras and cultures (Okunev, Tashtyk, Tagar, Yenisei Kyrgyz).
"Village of the ancestors"
"Village of the ancestors"
The territory of the reserve can only be entered as part of excursion groups accompanied by a guide or reserve staff.
Museum "Ancient burial mounds of the Salbyk steppe"
One of the key and most recognizable sights of Khakassia is the Salbyk Kurgan. This is the largest mound in Siberia, erected 2500 years ago. In the open steppe, sandstone slabs of impressive size are installed, guarding the peace of a noble Scythian elder. More than 50 burial mounds are located within a radius of 5 km.
Big Salbyk Kurgan
At a distance of 6 km northeast of the Salbyk kurgan, on the top of a mountain range, there are the gates to the Valley of the Kings - two vertically installed menhirs. They are believed to have healing powers.
After visiting the Oglakhty site, we go to the Borodino cave - the most visited cave in Khakassia, about 1.5 km long. It opened for tourists in June this year, and now they are actively conducting excursions for everyone.
To get to it, you will have to drive along a dirt road, so it is better to plan a visit to the cave in dry weather. The temperature inside can reach -2 degrees (even if the surface is +30), so warm clothes will not be superfluous.
In the small town of Sayanogorsk (120 km from Abakan) there is the famous Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station - a majestic structure that provides electricity not only to Khakassia, but also to neighboring regions. For the construction of the most powerful hydroelectric power station in Russia, enough concrete was used, which would be enough for the construction of the St. Petersburg - Vladivostok road. A panoramic view of the hydroelectric power station opens from the observation deck, on which a monument to the builders was erected.
After visiting the hydroelectric power station, you can walk along the embankment, which offers views of the mighty Yenisei, framed by mountains.
Monument to builders on the observation deck
Tourists with children should add the Tortuga recreation park to the checklist. The space is divided into thematic zones. The dominant theme of the park is pirates and everything connected with them. On the territory of the park there is a ship - an exact copy of the "Black Pearl", which was completely built by the founder of the park, Alexander Marchenko.
Fans of outdoor activities should visit the Mramorka Extreme Park, which houses the largest marble rock in Russia. The climbing wall has routes for both children and adults, beginners and experienced climbers.
Also in Khakassia there is a tourist and recreational cluster "Karlov Storor", which includes cozy recreation centers, climbing parks, rafting. For example, rafting down the Yenisei will cost a tourist 1,500 rubles. The price includes equipment for rafting, a life jacket, accompaniment of a professional instructor.
Many interesting proposals for organizing travel can be found on the Tutu Adventure platform: Khakassia, Baikal, Kamchatka, Dagestan, Karelia and dozens of other destinations.