Table of contents:

Recovery after covid: how long does it take and can it be accelerated
Recovery after covid: how long does it take and can it be accelerated

According to statistics, every twentieth patient with covid suffers from it in a severe form: patients need hospitalization, medical supervision. Some require oxygen and mechanical ventilation. Even after recovery, the story does not end - many who have recovered from covid take time to recover.

Recovery after covid: how long does it take and can it be accelerated

Even after the PCR for coronavirus is negative and the patient is declared healthy, the state of health may remain unimportant for some time. People who have had coronavirus often experience the following symptoms:

  • extreme tiredness;
  • drowsiness;
  • joint pain;
  • headache;
  • memory problems;
  • sleep disturbances;
  • inability to concentrate;
  • violation of the perception of taste and smell;
  • anxiety;
  • depression;
  • depression;
  • cough or trouble breathing.

Most people who have undergone covid recover completely in 2–3 weeks. But not everyone is so lucky: there are often cases of the so-called long covid, in which malaise and unpleasant symptoms persist for more than four weeks after receiving negative tests and official recovery. And with post-coronavirus syndrome, recovery from coronavirus can take several months.

What organs are affected by the coronavirus

Covid affects the entire body as a whole, and therefore recovery may be required in a variety of ways.


Most often, covid is associated with lung damage. Indeed, pneumonia is one of the most common complications. After covid, the lungs are often damaged: the lung tissue is replaced by connective tissue. Because of this, breathing problems, even after the illness has passed, are not uncommon.


Coronavirus infection affects the heart, even if the disease is mild to moderate, the heart muscle can be damaged. It can take many months to restore her work, and the risk of heart attack, arrhythmias and other heart problems after covid increases.


Problems with memory, concentration, problem solving are very common and occur in people of different ages. In addition, covid can cause seizures and increase the risk of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Blood vessels

Covid is associated with the formation of blood clots - their increased formation is characteristic of patients who are sick, and therefore the prescription of drugs that thin the blood is an important part of treatment. It is necessary to take such drugs after recovery. Blood clots can lead to strokes and heart attacks, and affect the functioning of the kidneys, liver and other organs.

Emotions and mood

Covid affects not only the physical condition: it causes emotional disturbances, and also provokes mental disorders. Many people who have had covid infection report that they often feel depressed, very tired, and severely anxious.

Doctors often diagnose depression and post-traumatic stress syndrome in patients who have had covid (especially if they have had a severe illness).

How to recover from covid


Doctors and doctors admit that they do not know everything about the consequences of coronavirus infection. One thing is clear - you need to start recovering even before being discharged from the hospital (if the patient was hospitalized) or before the end of the sick leave, if the treatment is taking place at home. At the same time, there is no need to force events - prepare for the fact that the usual actions can now take much longer.

Fiona Lowenstein, a 26-year-old journalist, says that after the long covid she had a difficult time: “I slept a lot and allowed myself to spend hours on daily morning activities. I cooked breakfast while sitting, I also brushed my teeth, giving myself a break from these actions. During the day I got to the computer and worked for several hours - until I felt that the end of my activity for today is coming."

The recommendations of the Russian Ministry of Health say that “the most promising for respiratory rehabilitation are the first two months after the acute period of coronavirus infection - this is the period of the therapeutic window,” which means that one cannot hesitate. They can help to recover in sanatoriums, hospitals at hospitals and clinics - this can be done under the compulsory medical insurance, or it can be done on a paid basis or at home.

The World Health Organization has issued specific guidelines for those recovering at home.

  • Despite severe fatigue and loss of strength, you cannot lie down all day. This, of course, is not about the period when the patient is in serious condition, but about the time when he has already started to recover. Do breathing exercises every day, and to make the phlegm go away better, apply vibration massage.
  • The simplest breathing exercises after covid are slow breaths through the nose and slow breaths through the mouth.
  • Increase your activity gradually: first, walk around the apartment, then go out into the street, gradually increasing the distance that you can overcome. As soon as you feel the strength, do the exercises at home. Be sure to start with a warm-up: in the first days, most likely, this will be the maximum you can do. But strength will be added: do bends, sit on a chair and get up from it, walk in place. If you went in for sports before your illness, then you can return to training no earlier than in a month, but act carefully.
  • Drink a lot, eat a balanced diet: if possible, take advantage of the delivery of a ready-made diet with a certain amount of calories. This way you can eat healthy food, but you won't waste time and energy preparing it. Pay attention to vitamins D and C - check with your doctor, you may need to take vitamin supplements.
  • Do not overload the vocal cords - for a couple of weeks after recovery, you may experience discomfort and sore throat after covid. Warm rinsing with chamomile or linden can help speed up recovery.
  • Try to talk a little - hum something under your breath, read poetry, say what you see: this will help restore your voice, which, after covid (especially if intubation was required), could become weak and hoarse. Speak softly, but do not whisper - when you whisper, the vocal cords tense, and this is definitely useless.
  • Another problem after intubation is difficulty swallowing. Eat puree food, drink a lot, eat in small pieces, gradually the ability to eat something solid and dry will return.
  • Maintain the optimum humidity at home - at least 50% and make sure that it is not too hot in the apartment, otherwise it will close your throat, you will often cough, which does not contribute to recovery.
  • See a cardiologist: a doctor will examine you and determine your heart condition after covid. If necessary, he will prescribe the necessary medications that need to be taken in order for the heart to normalize.
  • It is often not possible to cope with mental problems after covid on your own. In this case, a consultation with a neurologist is necessary - he will help with insomnia, overexcitation and decreased concentration. A psychotherapist and possibly medication are needed for anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress syndrome after covid.

Popular by topic