Table of contents:
- Constant fatigue
- Weight gain
- Strong feeling of cold
- Depression and depression
- Hair loss
- Heavy menstruation
- Memory and attention problems
Are you depressed, your mood often changes, and your weight seems to increase even after you walk past the shop window of the pastry shop? All of these symptoms, as well as a few others, can indicate a thyroid problem.
The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and is located under the larynx. It produces hormones that are important for metabolism and the whole body as a whole.
It is estimated that about 12% of the world's inhabitants face some kind of thyroid problems during their lifetime. In women, such disorders occur 8 times more often than in men, and in people of both sexes, the risk of developing thyroid diseases increases with age.
Disruption of the thyroid gland does not have the best effect on well-being, and therefore, if alarming symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor, get tested and undergo an examination. Symptoms can appear individually or in very different combinations. The test results and the results of the examinations carried out will allow prescribing the correct treatment, adherence to which will significantly improve the condition.
Let's figure out what exactly can be a sign of hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces less hormones than it needs.
Severe persistent fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism: every second patient faces this condition. Lack of strength is quite naturally accompanied by low motivation, unwillingness to do anything, difficulties in performing work and household chores. Even a long sleep does not help to recover - the feeling of fatigue does not disappear.
If you can't get enough sleep and rest, despite all the efforts made to this, you should consult with an endocrinologist.
Hypothyroidism triggers weight gain. Deficiency of thyroid hormones leads to metabolic disorders. Metabolism slows down, calories are burned worse, and more fat is stored. In addition, constant fatigue contributes to weight gain, which makes you want to move less.
People who do not yet know about the disease gain 7-10 kilograms in the first year of the disease, which cannot be dealt with either with the help of diets or with the help of sports. If you are faced with unexplained weight gain, then the reason may be precisely in the malfunctioning of the thyroid gland.
Strong feeling of cold
With a deficiency of thyroid hormones, less calories are burned, which means that little heat is released during the utilization of calories. Because of this, a person with hypothyroidism may constantly chill even in a warm room or on sunny summer weather.
And if you have always been distinguished by the foulness, then it is possible that this is just a feature of your body. If you started to freeze suddenly and not so long ago, it is impossible to exclude a malfunction of the thyroid gland.
Depression and depression
It’s difficult to be in a good mood if you don’t have any energy even for your daily routine. However, hypothyroidism is associated with more serious disorders - more than half of patients with this diagnosis develop depression. It is accompanied by a whole bunch of unpleasant symptoms: increased anxiety, depression, panic attacks.
The reasons for this relationship are still not fully understood by scientists, it is assumed that depression develops against the background of a general deterioration in physical and mental health.
The function of the hair follicles is also influenced by thyroid hormones. Their deficiency inhibits the process of hair growth: old ones fall out, and new ones do not appear.
According to the most conservative estimates, every tenth sick person faces this problem. Hair is thinning in both men and women, provoking new problems - a decrease in self-esteem, dissatisfaction with their appearance, isolation and unwillingness to be in society.
It is worth remembering that this condition can be caused by other reasons, but hypothyroidism should not be excluded from their list.
A sudden change in the menstrual cycle - an increase in menstruation or their irregularity - is always an alarming symptom. It is estimated that one in three women with hypothyroidism face such disorders.
Normally, thyroid hormones interact with hormones involved in controlling the menstrual cycle. Deficiency of thyroid hormones is expected to disrupt this interaction, which leads to menstrual irregularities. The appearance of such a symptom is a reason for contacting a gynecologist or endocrinologist. Hypothyroidism may be a possible, although not the only, cause of the disorder.
Memory and attention problems
Forgetfulness, difficulty concentrating, constant "fog" in the head - this is how many patients with hypothyroidism describe their condition. Every third patient complains of memory problems. In addition, patients note that they find it more difficult to work processes that previously did not cause any difficulties, and there is no question of mastering something new.
Of course, each of us from time to time forgets something, but unexpected memory problems require contacting a specialist. And if they are associated with a deficiency of hormones, then special therapy will help to correct the condition.
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