"Lebensborn": children's conveyors for "purebred Aryans"
"Lebensborn": children's conveyors for "purebred Aryans"
Anonim

The war is making its own adjustments, and there will always be more killed than born. The Nazis also noticed this. No matter how actively they used campaigns to increase the birth rate, the representatives of the "master race" became less and less. And then in 1935 the public union "Lebensborn" was created, since 1938 it was directly subordinate to the SS Reisfuehrer.

"Lebensborn": children's conveyors for "purebred Aryans"

One of the most important tasks facing the Nazi leaders during the war years was the preservation of "every drop of truly German blood." It is understandable - it was spilled in abundance.

Each "right" family had to have at least four children, as required by the policy of the party. But reality made its own adjustments, and families were in no hurry to become large. After all, children are still costs, and in the war years it was already difficult. Although it should be noted here that SS officers received a bonus for each child born to them.

Image Image

In addition, only married women could give birth. Having a child out of wedlock was a big shame for the girl - to avoid him, she could even commit suicide. Imagining how many children were not born due to the fact that premarital relations were considered reprehensible in society, the Nazis quickly redesigned their rhetoric. Every German child must be born - this is how the new rules were dictated.

Image

Then, in December 1935, not far from Munich, the first "Lebensborn" appeared - an elite maternity hospital that opened its doors to any women, including unmarried ones. These establishments were often spoken of as elite brothels for SS men, although in reality children were born there, rather than conceived.

Image

Although most of the women who sought shelter in Lebensborn were unmarried, the wives of high-ranking SS men also used the services of these places, so everything was so safe there. Despite the difficult war years, the Lebensborns have always had food, cleanliness and attentive staff.

The duties of these institutions were to support racially valuable children and their mothers, to nurture "super race".

Image

However, getting to this “paradise for women in labor” was not easy. The woman had to prove the purity of her blood - to show her family tree, preferably up to 1800. The expectant mother also filled out many questionnaires, where she described in detail whether there are hereditary diseases in her family, and described the details of conception. If a woman tried to hide something, this automatically meant a refusal.

Image Image

If for many German women it was a matter of ideology, then for women from Norway, for example, this place was the only key to a well-fed and prosperous life both for themselves and for the child.

Image

Of course, political conversations were held with those lucky women who managed to get into Lebensborn, the purpose of which was to instill in the future mother unconditional devotion to the ideals of Nazism.

The Nazis loved rituals, so after birth, the infant went through a naming ceremony. The ritual took place in an extremely solemn atmosphere in front of the altar, decorated with torches, a swastika and portraits of Hitler. Children were given exclusively names of ancient Germanic origin to emphasize their belonging to the "master race".

Image

The mother could give the child up for adoption or keep herself - she was promised complete anonymity. Over the ten years of the Lebensborns' existence, 10 of them have opened in Germany, 3 in Austria, 9 in Norway, 8 in Poland and one each in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. During the existence of the Aryan production program, about 8,000 children were born in Germany, and 12,000 in Norway.

Image

There were still not enough children. According to rumors, the unhealthy children at Lebensborn did not live long, but there was no documentary evidence of this.There is an opinion that some of the children ended up in Lebensborn from the occupied territories: from Poland, France and Ukraine. These children were taken away from their mothers and transferred to "germanization".

Gerlinda Swillen, a spokeswoman for the War Born Association, says in an interview that she knows dozens of cases when Russian and Ukrainian children were kidnapped to be sent to Lebensborn orphanages. “If the mother and father resisted, the SS would kill them in front of the child,” she says.

But such a fate awaited not only adults. “In total, 23 children were taken away in our village, the rest were shot or sent to a concentration camp. We were taken to Poland, to Lodz. There they again made a selection, leaving seven people - six girls and one boy. All fair-haired and blue-eyed … except me,”says pensioner Maria Dolezhalova-Shupikova, who ended up in Lebensborn.

She was taken from school - right from the lesson. Maria received a new name - Ingeborg Schiller. For many years, the girl was told: "Now you belong to the race of masters, and this is the greatest honor!" Maria was lucky - she came to the orphanage at a conscious age and did not forget who she was. But, according to the woman, the other children stolen by the SS were much younger: some were only two weeks old.

Image

After the end of the war, all the hatred of people fell on the unfortunate mothers and their children. For contacts with the Germans, about 14 thousand Norwegians were arrested, about 5 thousand were sent to the camps. Psychiatrists argued that the women who contacted the SS soldiers were simply mentally ill.

Image

Only a few years ago, the Norwegian Prime Minister offered these children his apologies for all the brutality they faced through no fault of their own.

Popular by topic