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A snow-white smile is an indicator of high status and attractiveness. How to get it, read our material.
How to whiten teeth without harm?
Teeth whitening lightens and evens out the color of the enamel by removing pigment from the top layer of dentin. Modern professional procedures do not harm the tooth enamel and, on the contrary, strengthen it, saturating it with minerals. Today in the arsenal of dental clinics there are several types of whitening.
Laser teeth whitening
The doctor applies a gel to the patient's teeth and cures it with a laser. During the procedure, the pigment in the enamel is split and lightened. Laser teeth whitening is suitable for people with impaired mineral metabolism in the hard tissues of the teeth, as well as those who are faced with age-related darkening of the enamel. The method is able to whiten teeth by 8-10 tones, and the result lasts for 2-3 years. Among the disadvantages are the high price and the inability to lighten the fillings.
Ultrasonic teeth whitening
A non-contact sparing method, which consists in the treatment of teeth with ultrasound, which acts as an abrasive. Its advantage is that this method of whitening does not destroy the enamel and does not increase its sensitivity. The teeth are brightened by removing plaque. However, ultrasonic whitening is not able to clean the grooves and grooves in the teeth, as well as remove deep accumulations of pigment.
Chemical teeth whitening
Unlike the two previous methods, chemical whitening is suitable only for owners of absolutely healthy, problem-free teeth. During such a procedure, the enamel is covered with special bleaching compounds that even whiten depressions and fissures (relief grooves on the chewing surfaces of the teeth). You can not do chemical whitening for caries, gingivitis and increased sensitivity of the teeth.
Teeth Whitening Air Flow
As a result of this procedure, mechanical plaque removal occurs using a jet with an abrasive. The color of the enamel does not change, and the smile begins to look whiter precisely because of the removal of plaque. Typically, the procedure is performed using local anesthesia. Among the disadvantages is the risk of micro-scratches on the enamel.
LED teeth whitening
Refers to soft, gentle methods. The light of the LED lamp acts as a catalyst for the reaction between the enamel and the reagent that is applied to the teeth. To whiten teeth from yellowness, a specialist uses a hydrogen peroxide gel. Contraindications to the procedure include children, the presence of crowns, and allergies to the bleaching compound.
How to whiten teeth at home
Teeth whitening strips
The strips are very convenient - you can attach them to your teeth and go about your business. Here are step-by-step instructions on how to effectively whiten your teeth with their help:
- Remove the strips from the packaging.
- Remove the protective cover.
- Stand in front of a mirror and glue the gel-side strips to the front of your teeth.
- The set includes strips of different shapes for the upper and lower teeth. Attach them according to the purpose.
- Fold the resulting free edge inward and attach to the back of the teeth.
- Iron the strips with your finger to distribute the gel evenly.
- Leave it on for 30-60 minutes (according to the instructions), then rinse your mouth with water and remove the remaining gel with a toothbrush.
Teeth Whitening Strips are single use. While wearing them, you may experience discomfort in the teeth, which will stop at the end of the course.
The saliva released during use of the strips must be spat out.It is not recommended to drink coloring drinks within two hours after the procedure: coffee, black tea, red wine, Coca-Cola. You should also give up bright foods: berries and fruits, chocolate, jam.
Teeth whitening strips are best applied at night so that the gel can work for a long time. Do not use more than two sets of strips per year.
Teeth whitening strips - contraindications:
- pregnancy and lactation;
- age up to 12 years;
- allergy to the components of the whitening gel;
- wearing braces;
- diseases of the teeth and gums;
- increased sensitivity of tooth enamel;
- bronchial asthma.
Whitening gel for teeth
Most teeth whitening gels contain hydrogen peroxide. Active oxygen penetrates into the enamel, and teeth become whiter as a result of the oxidation reaction.
As a rule, manufacturers compensate for the presence of this aggressive component in the composition with other components.
How to quickly whiten teeth at home with gel?
You can apply the gel with a special brush that comes with the kit, with a regular toothbrush, or fill it with individual mouth guards, which must be worn for several hours or put on at night.
Who can use gel to whiten teeth?
It is worth using teeth whitening gel in the following cases:
- darkening of the enamel due to smoking, caffeinated drinks and coloring food;
- discoloration of tooth enamel as a result of taking certain medications;
- if the enamel is naturally yellowish or grayish.
Contraindications to the use of teeth whitening gels:
- allergy to the components of the gel;
- diseases of the teeth and gums.
How to whiten teeth with baking soda
Homemade teeth whitening with baking soda can be harmful to the enamel if not done carefully. The list of contraindications for this method includes:
- periodontal disease;
- increased sensitivity of tooth enamel;
- foci of inflammation in the oral cavity;
- thin enamel.
How often can you whiten your teeth with baking soda?
This manipulation can be carried out no more than once a week.
How to Prepare for Baking Soda Teeth Whitening?
Before bleaching with soda, professionals advise to take a set of measures to strengthen the tooth enamel. Include more calcium-rich foods in your diet: cottage cheese, cheese, natural yogurt, other dairy products, nuts, sesame seeds, fresh vegetables and fruits.
Use a fluoride toothpaste and a soft to medium-hard brush for three weeks before bleaching. Mouth rinses and multivitamins are also helpful.
How to whiten teeth enamel with baking soda at home?
You will need:
- regular toothbrush;
- baking soda.
To whiten your enamel, simply apply a mixture of a little paste and baking soda to the brush and brush your teeth. This method not only whitens the enamel after the first application, but also eliminates bad breath.
Other baking soda recipes
In addition to "pure" soda, mixtures based on soda and other components are also used for teeth whitening.
Soda with lemon. Apply some baking soda and a couple of drops of lemon juice to the brush and brush your teeth. This method can only be used with strong teeth and healthy gums, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the enamel.
Soda with hydrogen peroxide. Mix baking soda with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution to obtain a pasty consistency. Brush your teeth with the composition for about 3-4 minutes, then rinse your mouth thoroughly to remove any residues of the product.
Soda with lemon and hydrogen peroxide. The combination of the previous two methods is a killer whitening blend! True, if you have even the slightest doubt about the strength of your enamel, we do not recommend resorting to this recipe. Mix half a teaspoon of baking soda, the same amount of lemon juice and 5 drops of peroxide. The composition is applied directly to the enamel without a brush, trying not to allow the product to get onto the mucous membrane.After 2-3 minutes, the mouth should be rinsed with warm water.
Soda with strawberries. Strawberries somewhat soften the abrasive effect of baking soda, so this method can be tried for people with sensitive enamel. Mash a few berries into a pulp and add a little baking soda. Apply the mixture with your fingers to the enamel and let it sit for 5-10 minutes, then brush your teeth with a fluoride paste.