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Peptic ulcer disease is a seasonal disease. Its aggravation occurs in autumn and spring, when the disease, which had not previously manifested itself, shows itself in all its glory, causing a lot of suffering to patients. But does any pain in the abdomen indicate an ulcer and how to recognize that this is it?
First, let's figure out what a stomach ulcer is. This is the most real damage in the gastric mucosa. It is affected by hydrochloric acid, which is present in gastric juice. Contents of the article 1. Why a stomach ulcer occurs 1.1 Helicobacter pylori bacterium 1.2 Antipyretic drugs 1.3 Lifestyle 2. How do I know if I have an ulcer? 2.1 Abdominal pain 2.2 Nausea and vomiting 2.3 Dark stools 2.4 Weight loss 2.5 Gas production 2.6 Anemia Hide
In general, you understand that you should not expect anything pleasant from the fact that hydrochloric acid begins to act on an open wound.
A stomach ulcer is diagnosed in about 5% of the world's inhabitants. But gastroenterologists are sure that there are many more such sufferers, just not everyone goes to the doctor. If everyone is examined as expected, it may turn out that almost every fourth inhabitant of the planet has an ulcer.
The stomach ulcer is now exacerbated, then subsides: the damage can heal - then a scar forms in its place, or it can reappear - then they say that the ulcer has opened. Exacerbations of ulcers usually occur in the fall and spring. The most susceptible to this disease are people between the ages of 30 and 45, and not at all the elderly, as previously thought.
Why does a stomach ulcer occur?
The causes of this disease are different. There are several factors that can lead to the development of stomach ulcers.
Helicobacter pylori bacteria
The main and most important reason for the appearance of ulcers is the influence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. It is quite easy to get infected with it, and very often the process of infection itself goes unnoticed. In some cases, the bacterium begins to damage the lining of the stomach, the very defects that are affected by the acidic contents of the stomach appear.
So far, scientists do not have an unambiguous answer to the question of why these bacteria in some cases increase the chances of developing an ulcer, while in others they simply exist in the stomach and do not cause any harm to the owner.
Taking certain medications can trigger peptic ulcer disease.
The abuse of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - this is the category of popular remedies for fever and pain. Medicines that harm the stomach are, for example, aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac.
However, this does not mean that the use of these drugs should be abandoned right now - it is important to take them as prescribed by a doctor and in compliance with all the recommendations specified in the instructions. In addition, you need to remember that such a side effect as the occurrence of a stomach ulcer is also prescribed in the instructions. If the patient already has a peptic ulcer, then such medications should be taken with caution and it is better to consider alternative options, for example, drugs with paracetamol.
Unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, constant stress and an excess of spicy food - these are the very factors that can provoke an ulcer or cause an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease.
How do I know if I have an ulcer?
Abdominal pain is the most common symptom of the disease.
Signs of peptic ulcer disease are different. Some are associated with a disease, and their appearance clearly indicates the disease, while others can be symptoms of many other diseases, not just ulcers.
It is important to remember that the discovery of one or more of these symptoms is a reason to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Burning pain in the abdomen is the main and most common symptom.This pain occurs just at the moment when acidic juice enters the open wound in the stomach. Pain usually extends from the lower edge of the ribs to the navel. It can get worse at night, as well as during the day if you eat less often than necessary.
Nausea and vomiting
A persistent feeling of nausea - especially in the morning - is another common symptom faced by patients with peptic ulcer disease. Sometimes nausea is not limited to vomiting, often with blood. The situation is not pleasant, you must admit.
Watch your stool when you go to the toilet. If it is unexpectedly dark, then this may also be one of the signs of a peptic ulcer. This color can be associated with blood trapped in the contents of the stomach and intestines. I noticed this - urgently to the doctor!
People with peptic ulcer disease often experience loss of appetite. Due to the fact that they eat poorly and reluctantly, they can lose weight. With the progression of the ulcer, food may begin to move worse, there may be a feeling of fullness in the stomach: it appears even if the person has not eaten anything.
Increased gas production
Damage to the mucous membrane can scar, and the resulting scars inside the intestines interfere with normal digestion. If food stops passing through the intestines normally, the gas that is produced during digestion accumulates in the stomach and intestinal loops, and the person increasingly feels bloating.
Anemia is a symptom of a huge number of diseases. Peptic ulcer disease is also on this list. Moreover, anemia in peptic ulcer disease is accompanied by its typical symptoms - severe fatigue, dizziness, pallor of the skin.
Anemia can occur due to the fact that an open stomach ulcer often causes bleeding. In the event that anemia becomes an accidental finding according to the test results, it is important not to forget that an ulcer can also be a possible cause of its appearance.