Table of contents:
- How to properly cleanse oily skin
- Why is the skin oily: causes of increased greasiness
- How to cleanse oily and problem skin step by step
- How to cleanse oily skin: with your hands, a sponge or a brush?
Oily skin is a type of skin that is genetically determined. It cannot be changed, but it can be controlled with proper care.
In this tutorial, you will learn how to cleanse oily skin and how to choose the right cleanser. Contents of the article 1. How to properly cleanse oily skin 2. Why is oily skin: causes of increased oiliness 3. How to cleanse oily and problem skin step by step 3.1 Step 1. Makeup removal and superficial cleansing 3.2 Step 2. Removing dirt and sebum residues, cleansing pores3.3 Step 3. Deep cleansing and exfoliation 3.4 Step 4. Toning4. How to cleanse oily skin: with your hands, a sponge or a brush? Hide
Oily skin is characterized by enlarged pores, increased greasiness, dense structure and uneven relief. This type of skin is prone to breakouts, acne and acne breakouts. According to statistics, on average, after 25 years, oily skin begins to gravitate more towards the combined type - that is, an oily sheen appears only in the T-zone, and the rest of the face shows the properties of normal or dry skin.
Oily skin care begins with proper cleansing. This is the basis for the timely release of the skin from impurities and stratum corneum, which means, for the prevention of rashes and dullness.
How to properly cleanse oily skin
No matter how you would like to thoroughly treat your face with an alcohol solution, it is better not to do this, because this will dry out the skin, and the sebaceous glands, in an attempt to restore the damaged lipid layer, will begin to work even more actively. Build your care according to these rules:
- Wash your face with cool water (ideally, its temperature should not exceed 15 degrees). Hot water increases the secretion of the sebaceous glands.
- For cleansing oily and combination skin, do not limit yourself to micellar water. After it, it is imperative to use means for deeper cleaning.
- Do not overuse scrubs, peels, and drying masks. If there are rashes and pimples on the skin, it is better to refuse scrubs altogether.
- Do not use alcohol-based lotions or toners all over your face. They can only be applied pointwise to inflammation.
- You should not wash your face with regular toilet soap.
- Avoid heavy makeup. A thick layer of foundation clogs pores, causing breakouts. In addition, the process of removing such a make-up is unnecessary stress for the skin.
- Look for ingredients such as salicylic acid, calendula, zinc, activated carbon, retinol in care products for oily and problem skin.
- After cleansing, oily skin must be moisturized in order to restore the hydrolipid mantle on the surface of the epidermis.
Why is the skin oily: causes of increased greasiness
Oily skin is not a symptom of any medical condition. It's just one of the skin types along with dry, normal and combination skin, so genetics are the cause of the oily skin. Women with oily skin are often hypersensitive to changes in hormonal levels, in some cases - high testosterone levels.
It is impossible to change your skin type, but with a well-designed skin care program, your face will look great. If you have oily, problematic or combination skin, several factors can increase the secretion of the sebaceous glands:
- hormonal imbalance
- taking oral contraceptives
- stress (and the accompanying high levels of adrenaline and cortisol)
- increased testosterone
- unbalanced diet: excessive consumption of fatty and spicy foods, sweets, foods with a lot of flavors, alcohol
- alcohol abuse
- tanning abuse
- washing with hot water
- improper care, too frequent use of alcohol products, aggressive scrubs and acid peels
We figured out that oily skin is something like a constant personality trait. But this type of skin is often accompanied by concomitant conditions, for example, oily skin may also be dehydrated or sensitive.
How to cleanse oily and problem skin step by step
As a complex beauty ritual, we suggest cleansing oily skin in four steps.
Step 1. Make-up removal and surface cleansing
Make-up and dirt should be removed from the face at the end of the day. In the morning, do not forget to cleanse your skin: after all, you sleep at night, but the sebaceous glands do not sleep, continuing to produce sebum. In addition, bacteria accumulate on the pillow, which can cause inflammation and pimples on the skin (which is why, if the skin is oily, it is recommended to change the pillowcase as often as possible). Remove makeup in the morning and evening and wipe your skin with special wet wipes, micellar water or wash with hydrophilic oil. Leave the make-up remover milk to owners of dry skin. You can use a two-phase liquid to remove long-lasting makeup.
Step 2. Removing dirt and sebum residues, cleansing pores
After the surface contamination is removed, we proceed to a deeper cleansing. For this step, use a suitable cleanser designed for oily, problem skin. There are several options to consider:
- Shower gel - well removes excess sebum, makeup residues, dead skin particles and makeup removers that you used in the previous step. Yes, micellar water or hydrophilic oil from oily skin must be washed off!
- Foam for washing - the delicate texture of the foam is very pleasant to use. In a bottle, the product looks like a liquid, and when you press the pump, it turns into mousse, significantly increasing in volume. One press of the dispenser is all it takes for one use, resulting in economical consumption. The foam gently cleanses the oily skin of the face without irritating it, even if there are active painful inflammations.
- Face soap - Please note, this is not an ordinary toilet soap, but a product specially designed for the skin of the face! It is also called "soapless soap", which does not contain alkali. Most often, face soap contains ammonium lactate, which regulates the work of the sebaceous glands, while not overdrying the skin. Also in stores you can find soap with algae extracts, which restores the lipid balance and evens out the skin's relief.
Step 3. Deep cleansing and exfoliation
Once or twice a week, it is advisable to apply masks for deep cleansing of oily and problem skin. For combination skin, these products are also suitable, but they need to be applied only to areas with high fat content (as a rule, this is the T-zone). Masks with charcoal and clay perfectly cleanse the skin, deeply penetrating into the pores and absorbing impurities.
Peeling is best done by a beautician, because at home you can overdo it and get a skin burn. If you are confident in your prudence and a moderate approach, you can purchase peeling with a low concentration of acids (salicylic, lactic, almond, glycolic) or with retinol and use it strictly according to the instructions.
Step 4. Toning
It is helpful to use a toner to complete the cleansing of oily skin. Choose products with an antiseptic effect designed to tighten pores and restore the pH balance of the skin. For oily and problem skin, dermatologists recommend lotions with zinc and sulfur, which regulate the sebaceous glands. It is great if the tonic also contains soothing ingredients, for example, extracts of chamomile, mint, sage. Toning prepares the skin for subsequent hydration. Many people mistakenly believe that oily skin does not need hydration. But this is not the case! In the process of cleansing, we break the hydrolipid protective layer and dry the skin, so a light fluid, gel or serum with hyaluronic acid will definitely not be superfluous.
How to cleanse oily skin: with your hands, a sponge or a brush?
Recently, the beauty market has been flooded with various sponges for cleansing the skin. They are good at removing impurities and exfoliating keratinized particles. Any cleanser can be applied to the sponge, and it is also convenient for them to rinse off masks and scrubs, since the spongy surface absorbs the product into itself, and does not smear it on the skin. However, in order for the sponge to be truly effective and safe for your oily skin, it must be washed with warm water after each use and then dried without using heating devices. Sponges require replacement at least once every two months and are not suitable for problem skin with active inflammation.
Electric brushes for cleansing the skin are also a very popular invention. Some girls literally cannot do without them, while others call these devices pampering and a waste of money. Should you really use an electric brush to cleanse oily skin? In principle, yes, only if you do not have acute acne. Brushes are made from medical grade silicone, which is hypoallergenic, does not provoke acne and is easy to clean. Soft bristles do not irritate the skin, gently massage and have a peeling effect. Before using the brush, it is better to consult with a beautician and carefully read the instructions included in the kit.