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Acne, oily sheen, enlarged pores: how to properly care for your skin
Acne, oily sheen, enlarged pores: how to properly care for your skin

Our expert helps to solve the most pressing problems and tells you how to properly care for your face.

Acne, oily sheen, enlarged pores: how to properly care for your skin
Acne, oily sheen, enlarged pores: how to properly care for your skin

Several girls asked to tell how to adjust their facial skin care depending on the problem.

1. I am 26 years old, and I still have a problem face (blackheads and acne, which appear especially actively during menstruation). I have now revised my diet: I drink 1.5 liters of water a day, I don't eat anything harmful (except for sweets), but nothing helps. Tell me what else needs to be done?

Most often, the first foci of skin inflammation foreshadow the arrival of menstruation already in a week: this is how our skin reacts to changes in hormonal levels. In the middle of each menstrual cycle, the genitals increase the production of androgens. This process immediately affects the condition of the sebaceous glands, especially in women with oily skin. Knowing this feature of your body, you can start an attack on premenstrual acne in advance. Use products with azelaic acid in the composition (for example, Skinoren), which fight acne, easily removes oily sheen, and reduce pigmentation at the sites of healed acne.

Also, remember that you need to spend less time in the open sun and not squeeze out pimples yourself. Any experiments with new cosmetics are contraindicated, as the skin reaction can be unpredictable and rashes can worsen.

2. How can you get rid of small capillary stars?

Apparently, you are worried about spider veins (telangiectasias) on your face. The cause of redness is stagnation of blood in the capillaries, which occurs due to a genetic predisposition. Another cause of spider veins can be a systemic disease, such as hormonal imbalances, hypertension, or liver problems. Telangiectasia is a consequence of excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, hobby for the sauna and solariums, as well as improper home skin care. Frost and sun are also enemies of sensitive skin. This skin imperfection can be cured with the help of laser and radio wave cosmetology.

3. I am 25 years old and have oily skin. How to take care of a problem face? Which daily care creams are right for me?


After 25 years, the skin begins to gradually lose moisture, and this affects the color, structure, fat content, and the appearance of inflammatory elements. At this age, the skin produces less natural collagen, a protein that gives the skin its volume and elasticity. When collagen fibers are destroyed, its elasticity decreases, wrinkles and folds form, and the oval of the face "sags". Therefore, do not miss the moment and contact a cosmetologist who will select an individual anti-aging program for you.

A universal tip for everyone is to cleanse your skin with a gel or foam. Atraumatic cleansing will help to quickly reduce pores and even out skin tone. If necessary, you can also do superficial peeling.

4. How to choose the right anti-wrinkle eye cream?

Wrinkles around the eyes must be dealt with in a complex way: not only with the help of creams, but also using cosmetic procedures. There is no universal remedy, so it is better to consult a cosmetologist who will recommend the procedures and remedies that suit you.

5. How to deal with black dots correctly?

Blackheads are the result of clogging of the sebaceous glands with sebum and skin cells, so topical antibacterial agents are good for you. I also advise you to do facial cleansing every month.

6. What kind of care does a person need in summer and what kind in winter? How harmful are the sun and tanning beds to the skin?


In summer, ultraviolet radiation and high temperatures have a negative effect on the skin, which, in combination with humid air, increase perspiration, accelerate the expansion of skin vessels, provoke the appearance of age spots and various inflammatory elements. Therefore, first of all, I advise you to cleanse your face with lotions that do not contain alcohol, and refuse foundation. Give preference to emulsions with moisturizing properties, ampoule serums or creams with a light texture. At the same time, all creams must have a sun protection factor of at least SPF +15, and if you are going to the beach, then apply the cream 20-30 minutes before going out into the sun. Pay attention to your lips: so that they do not burn, keep their color and volume, choose special balms and lipsticks with SPF factor. When caring for the area around the eyes, replace the eye cream with a gel and use it chilled.

In winter, skin care should be especially careful, because the skin is negatively affected by wind, dry frosty air, heating systems - they increase the evaporation of water from the skin surface, disrupt the connection between the cells of the stratum corneum of the epidermis. The skin becomes dry, more sensitive and vulnerable, flakes in places, and also loses its natural moisture. To cleanse the skin in winter, choose products that do not damage the protective skin barrier with pH = 5, 5-7, 0. Do not use alkaline soaps and scrubs, alcohol solutions, products containing acetones and sodium lauryl sulfate or ammonium lauryl sulfate. Apply makeup 30-60 minutes before leaving home. Use moisturizers in the evening (especially after a shower - directly on wet skin), and use protective and emollient creams in the morning.

7. How to correctly summarize the sun protection factor in different cosmetic products?

Pay attention to the markings on the bottle. The SPF factor will protect only from sunburn, and if IPD and PPD factors are also present in the composition, then this tool will also cope with pigmentation. Of course, it is better to choose the latter type of cosmetics. If this is not possible, then combine the pigmentation remedy with sunscreen. In the city, you can limit yourself to sunscreen with SPF +15 in combination with any cosmetic product.

8. I am constantly worried about red cheeks (the dermatologist said that this is not rosacea) and blue circles under the eyes. How can I make my thin skin healthier?

On thin skin mimic wrinkles form earlier, it is more prone to stretching, premature aging, and also prone to dryness. Therefore, you need special care: wash yourself with water at room temperature, wipe your face with a soft towel, choose lotions and tonics that do not require rinsing. The less such skin is exposed to external factors, the longer it will look youthful and maintain its beauty. As for contraindications, hormonal creams and ointments, and cosmetics containing biostimulants are not suitable for you.

Red cheeks and circles under the eyes are a signal that you urgently need a doctor's consultation, as they may indicate health problems (with the kidneys, impaired metabolism, with the pancreas) or improper lifestyle (smoking, constant stress, chronic fatigue). The skin under the eyes may darken when lymph or blood circulation is disturbed, that is, the blood in the capillaries under the eyes darkens and stagnates, forming bruises under the lower eyelids. Your body probably lacks oxygen, moisture, or vitamins.

9. How to narrow pores on your face?

Enlarged pores on the face can appear for many reasons, regardless of age and skin type. First of all, contact a specialist so that a dermatologist can establish the causes of this problem. Maybe your sebaceous glands are impaired, so excess sebum accumulates in the pores and expands them. There is also a possibility that you have a hormonal imbalance. To narrow the pores, peeling with trichloroacetic acid or glycolic acid solution is most often used.

10. How to take care of your skin at 29? What creams should I choose, how to care for the skin around the eyes?

At your age, you need comprehensive self-care, which includes not only special creams and cosmetic procedures, but also systemic therapy. But the main thing is to remember that appearance depends on your lifestyle.

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