Table of contents:
From schoolgirl dress to business style - in honor of the upcoming September 1, we have collected nostalgic photographs of schoolgirls in Russia from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day.
Early 20th century
The first school uniform appeared in Russian gymnasiums in 1834. Boys and young men wore a uniform that looked like a military one, and girls and young ladies were supposed to have three sets of uniforms: every day they wore a dark brown floor-length dress with long sleeves and a small black apron. On holidays, the dress was supposed to be decorated with a white apron and a lace collar. On weekends, the schoolgirl was supposed to wear a dress of a similar cut, but of a certain color: primary school students - dark blue, girls over 12 years old - blue-green, and graduates - brown.
In 1918, the school uniform was abolished: in a country that had survived the revolution, there was simply no money to provide all children with a uniform, moreover, in the Soviet country, unlike the Soviet empire, education was relied on for everyone, and not just for children from the wealthy families. The school uniform was declared a relic of the past and a symbol of non-freedom, and was abandoned.
Forties - getting back in shape
The school uniform returned only after the Great Patriotic War, in 1948. Then a decree was issued, according to which all students were required to wear uniforms. The uniform, in fact, was no different from the uniform of the gymnasium students: the boys again dressed in tunics, and the girls in dresses with aprons. But the dresses were shorter, but the white apron could be worn more often.
In the sixties, school uniforms finally ceased to resemble military uniforms: the boys changed their tunics to suits, and the girls' dresses became even shorter. In fact, the length of the dresses of high school girls was no different from the mini-skirts that were fashionable at that time. Aprons were still mandatory, but there was a variety of hairstyles: if earlier schoolgirls were supposed to wear only braids, now they were allowed to make model haircuts and even wear jewelry.
At first glance, everything remained the same: boys in blue suits, girls in brown dresses with white or black aprons. But from now on, this rule was only true for the elementary school. And for high school girls, dark blue three-piece suits appeared: a skirt, a vest and a jacket. These uniforms were difficult to obtain, but some girls were lucky enough to change the annoying cropped dress of a gymnasium girl for an adult and fashionable outfit.
In 1992, the school uniform was again canceled and again for the same reason: it was believed that it symbolized the lack of freedom and the slavery position of schoolchildren. Some schools during this time had an unspoken dress code that regulated style, but in general schoolgirls and schoolchildren across the country were allowed to wear jeans and T-shirts. As a rule, only too short skirts, deep necklines and transparent blouses were prohibited. In all other respects, schoolchildren, especially high school students, allowed themselves complete freedom. Including stiletto heels.
Zeroes and our time
Today every school in Russia has its own uniform. The only general and obligatory recommendation is to adhere to a business style, therefore, boys from the lower grades wear suits, and girls wear uniform sundresses or skirts with vests, most often in a cage. High school students for the most part do not wear uniforms.